京都大学桂キャンパスCクラスター C1-2棟 3階 314会議室

Prof. William P. Anderson講演会

The 13th International Seminar of Committee of Infrastructure Planning and Management, JSCE in FY2014
2014年度土木計画学研究委員会 第13回国際セミナー(通算 第106回国際セミナー)

Prof. William P. Anderson講演会

場所:京都大学桂キャンパスCクラスター C1-2棟 3階 314会議室

講師:Prof. William P. Anderson (Director, Cross-Border Institute, University of Windsor)
題目:The Border and the Ontario Economy
概要:Ontario is Canada’s largest province in terms of both population and GDP. It accounts for about half of Canada-US trade, which is still the largest bilateral trade relationship in the world. The great majority of trade is in manufactured goods, many of which are intermediate goods moving between production facilities in cross-border supply chains. Border costs have a negative impact on the efficiency of these supply chains and the production systems they support.
Costs at the Canada-US border are substantial for a number of reasons. NAFTA is not a customs union, so substantial documentation is required even on goods that cross duty-free. There are inconsistent product regulations and health inspections are often repeated on each side of the border. Geography dictates that crossings are limited to a small number of rivers that connect the Great Lakes, so traffic congestion is common. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 led to heightened security measures that have increased the cost and time of border crossings for both goods and people.
This presentation will summarize research on border costs and their economic impacts. It will also review policy initiatives directed at making borders more efficient, with emphasis on reducing border inspections through enhanced supply chain security.